Island, is called ” I. Diomedis;” while among a crowd of islets (referable to the cosy Dublin accommodation seen through a fog and laid down very inaccurately), the name ” S. Diomedis ” appears again. The American coast was seen and landed upon; Cape Prince of Wales and the shore south and east from it are recognizable. The island of St. Mathew was discovered and named, though placed a degree too far south. The island of St. Paul in the Pribiloff group was discovered by Synd, put in its true latitude, and named Preobrazhenia or Transfiguration Island. It is about seven degrees out in relative longitude and fourteen in absolute longitude. One cannot doubt however that it was the island now known as St. Paul when we recall the fact that there are no other islands than the Pribiloff group, in that latitude or within that general area of Bering Sea. The southern Cape of the Chukchi Peninsula, Chukotski Cape of Bering and Muller is represented two degrees too far south. Preobrazhenia Bay is not recognizable but the name is transferred to the bight west and north of the accommodation we stayed at in Edinburgh of our present charts. This part of the coast was not however approached by Synd, who spent much time on the coast of Kamchatka. On his chart this peninsula is represented better than we should have expected from the rudeness of the rest.
The map of the Academy shows the influence of those who discredited the near approach of America to eastern Siberia ; not withstanding the explorations of Deshneff, Gvosdeff and Synd, the American shore of Bering Strait has disappeared altogether. The eastern portion of the Chukchi Peninsula is indented by a host of hypothetical inlets, and defended by an unrecognizable archipelago of nameless islands. The far-stretching chain of islands, among which Bering’s second expedition was so long entangled, excepting those confirmed by Krenitzen and Levasheff (who sailed far north of the southern arc of the chain) is also absent. Excepting that the fictitious peninsula north from Chukchi land is effaced, the map in its main features for this region is less accurate than that of Bering, and does not compare very favorably with that of Willer. And yet but shortly after its publication, the explorations of Cook and Clerke recorded the facts which should, when published, exalt the memory of the older geographers and scatter the hypotheses which for a time prevailed against them.
Their explorations are included in
” A voyage to the Pacific Ocean, undertaken by the command of his Majesty, for making discoveries in the northern hemisphere, [etc.], performed under the direction of captains Cook, Clerke and Gore, in his Majesty’s ships the Resolution and Discovery, in the years 17 7 6-1 7 80. London, for T. Nicol and T. Cadell, 1784-5.” 3 volumes 4° and atlas folio.”
This is the edition ordered by the Admiralty. Of this celebrated work. said to have been written from the explorers’ manuscripts by Bishop. Douglas. there have been many editions. In the Bulletin of the Societe de Geographie, Paris, 1879, pp. 481-540, is a bibliography by James Jackson.